Revenue Waters: Analyzing the Sales Tax System in Minnesota

Key takeaways

  • Know who needs to collect Minnesota sales tax and why it is essential.
  • Learn about Minnesota sales tax rates.
  • Understand what happens if you fail to collect Minnesota sales tax.
  • Learn how to register for sales tax in Minnesota.
  • Get to know how to file sales tax in Minnesota.

Who needs to collect Minnesota sales tax?

An essential component of doing business in Minnesota is paying the applicable sales tax. Companies must comprehend the conditions under which they must collect sales tax. The objective of this page is to present a thorough explanation of the requirements and to highlight the various Minnesota sales tax rates. By comprehending these crucial ideas, businesses may guarantee compliance and avert any prospective legal complications.

The idea of "nexus" is vital for determining whether a company must collect Minnesota sales tax. A firm must collect sales tax if there is a "nexus"—a significant relationship—between it and the state. The two key factors that determine nexus are listed below.

Physical presence is the first need. A company establishes a nexus and must collect sales tax if it has a physical presence in Minnesota, such as a store, office, warehouse, or any other tangible entity.

Economics is the second requirement. Economic considerations can establish a nexus in addition to physical proximity. In Minnesota, a company is required to collect sales tax if it makes more sales than a predetermined level.

A firm must automatically collect Minnesota sales tax in several different circumstances. Retail transactions, in which tangible personal property is sold to customers, are often required to collect sales tax. This applies to products that are sold offline, online, or through any other channel.

Additionally, Minnesota applies a sales tax on some services. Repairs, instals, cleaning, and maintenance services are all taxed. The Minnesota Department of Revenue is the agency that businesses should contact to find out if specific services are taxed.

Sales tax must be collected when leasing or renting tangible personal goods like machinery or cars.

Due to the growth of internet commerce, some digital goods are also subject to sales tax. Digital goods like software, e-books, digital music, and streaming services are examples of things that may be taxed.

Minnesota sales tax rates

Minnesota has several sales tax rates depending on the area and the type of products or services offered.

For the majority of taxable purchases made in Minnesota, the base sales tax rate is now 6.875%. Unless expressly excluded, most products and services are subject to this rate.

Several municipal governments in Minnesota may levy extra sales taxes on top of the statewide rate. In addition to the state rate, several areas have local sales taxes. Companies can contact the Minnesota Department of Revenue for information on the appropriate municipal sales tax rates.

Due to specific taxation districts, several parts of Minnesota are subject to extra sales taxes. For instance, the Metropolitan Transit District levies an additional 0.25% sales tax to support regional transportation efforts.

Some items and services could be subject to special rates or be exempt from sales tax. Groceries, prescription medications, and specific medical gadgets are frequently excluded. In addition, several tax rates are applicable to hotels and rental vehicles.

Do you have a Nexus in Minnesota?

Evaluating your sales tax responsibilities depends on determining if your company has a nexus in Minnesota. To be required to collect sales tax, a company must have a nexus, which is a significant link to the state. Businesses can create a nexus in Minnesota by being physically present or by the state's economy.

Nexus of Physical Presence:

If a company has a physical location in Minnesota, it has a physical presence there. This involves owning a physical business (shop, office, warehouse, etc.). You must collect and send Minnesota sales tax if your company has such a presence.

Economic Nexus:

Economic variables can also establish a nexus in Minnesota in addition to physical proximity. The state has set the number of transactions that must surpass certain levels for enterprises to be required to collect sales tax. These economic nexus criteria might vary, so it's crucial to check with the Minnesota Department of Revenue or a tax expert for the most recent regulations.

Establishment of the Minnesota Sales Tax Nexus:

Businesses must register with the Minnesota Department of Revenue to prove they have a sales tax nexus in the state. The required paperwork must be filled out, and pertinent company data must be provided. After registering, the company collects and sends the sales tax on all taxable transactions occurring inside the state.

What happens if you fail to collect Minnesota sales tax?

The repercussions for firms who fail to collect Minnesota sales tax when needed can be severe. To find companies that need to comply, the Minnesota Department of Revenue may launch audits or investigations. Non-compliance might include fines and interest charges as consequences.


Penalties may apply to companies that need to collect and submit sales tax adequately. Different fines may be applied depending on the seriousness and length of the violation. They might consist of set sums, a percentage of the tax owed, or a mix of the two. It is essential to highlight that deliberate or persistent non-compliance may result in harsher punishments.

Interest Charges:

The Minnesota Department of Revenue may assess interest on overdue or unpaid sales tax amounts and penalties. The law dictates the interest rate, which starts accruing on the day the tax is first due and continues until it is fully paid. Businesses must submit sales tax payments on time to avoid accruing interest fees.

Information on Fines or Interest on Late Payments:

The Minnesota Department of Revenue specifies the particular fines and interest rates for late payments of Minnesota sales tax. It's crucial to remember that these prices are subject to change, so companies looking for the most recent information should check the department's official website or consult an expert.

How to register for sales tax in Minnesota?

Online registration for Minnesota's sales tax is a simple process that may be done through the Department of Revenue's website. Businesses must assess whether they have nexus in the state before beginning the registration procedure. Nexus can be shown by economic or physical elements, such as surpassing the state's economic nexus standards, or through physical presence, such as operating a business or office in Minnesota.

Businesses should obtain the necessary data and papers once the nexus is established. Provide the Employer Identification Number (EIN) or Social Security Number (SSN), specifying the entity type (sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, or LLC), providing the legal business name, address, and contact information, and having bank account information available for electronic funds transfers are all examples of this. The commencement date of the sale of taxable products or services in Minnesota must also be disclosed by enterprises.

The sales tax registration page may be found on the Minnesota Department of Revenue's website. Businesses can finish online registration by following the instructions and precisely filling out the necessary information. After submitting the registration form, you will receive a confirmation of registration and the Minnesota sales tax identification number, both of which should be stored safely.

How to file sales tax in Minnesota?

Businesses in Minnesota that have registered for sales tax are required to submit regular sales tax returns. There are various processes involved in submitting sales tax returns. The Minnesota Department of Revenue determines the assigned filing frequency for companies on the projected sales tax burden of the latter. The frequency of filing may be monthly, quarterly, or yearly.

Businesses should compile all pertinent sales information for the reporting period before starting the filing procedure. This comprises all realized sales as well as any taxable and exempt transactions. To ensure correct reporting, it is essential to keep accurate records.

Businesses should then access the Minnesota Department of Revenue's website and log in using their sales tax identification number and related password. Companies must set up an account if one still needs to be created.

After logging in, businesses can submit the sales data for the reporting period by following the website's instructions. The online system will automatically determine the sales tax obligation based on the relevant rates. To guarantee accuracy, it is crucial to examine the information that has been submitted thoroughly. This is the time to make any required modifications or revisions.

After evaluating the entered data, businesses can use the online method to file the sales tax return. To avoid fines or interest costs, filing the return before the deadline is essential.

Minnesota sales tax deadlines

The Minnesota Department of Revenue assigns each firm a different reporting frequency, which affects the deadlines for submitting Minnesota sales tax. According to the most frequent filing frequency, the following general deadlines apply:

Filing Period: Each month

The 20th of the month after the reporting period is when the sales tax return and payment are due. The return, for instance, is required by February 20th for sales made in January.

Filing Period: Every quarter

By the 20th of the month after the end of the quarter, sales tax returns and payments are required. For instance, by April 20th, returns for purchases made in the first quarter (January to March) are required.

Filing Period: Yearly

The deadline for filing a sales tax return and making a payment is January 31st, the year after the reporting period. For instance, the return is required by January 31st, 2023, for sales made throughout the whole calendar year of 2022.

Businesses should know that these time frames might vary on weekends and holidays. The due date is usually moved to the following business day if the deadline occurs on a weekend or holiday. For the most precise and recent information on sales tax deadlines, it is advised to check the official website of the Minnesota Department of Revenue or speak with a tax expert. To maintain compliance and prevent fines or interest charges, timely filing and payment of sales tax are essential.


This article's conclusion emphasized the significance of Minnesota sales tax reporting. The dates based on the designated filing frequency, such as monthly, quarterly, or annual, are among the key issues mentioned. Businesses were reminded of their obligations to abide by the rules set out by the Minnesota Department of Revenue by highlighting the need for timely filing. Maintaining compliance, avoiding fines or interest charges, and ensuring the efficient functioning of enterprises inside the state depend on timely and precise sales tax filing. Businesses must keep updated about the precise dates and seek the most recent information on Minnesota sales tax filing from official sources or tax experts.

We can help!

At Levy, we help early-stage founders streamline and automate regulatory and legal ops, HR, and finance so you can focus on what matters most — your business.

Like our content?

Subscribe to our blog to stay updated on new posts. Our blog covers advice, inspiration, and practical guides for early-stage founders navigating their start-up journeys.

Note: Our content is for general information purposes only. Levy does not provide legal, accounting, or certified expert advice. Consult a lawyer, CPA, or other professional for such services.

Get content like this, and more, sent directly to your inbox once a month.

Thank you for subscribing us!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.


Written By

Stressing the details?

Let levy handle this for you.
Learn more
No items found.