Starting a company

How To Form A Corporation In Mississippi

Key takeaways

  • Learn how to select a distinctive name for your company and how to search for its availability.
  • Know more about the process of and paying the necessary costs for the Articles of Incorporation to the Secretary of State.
  • Know why Mississippi-based authorized representatives should be chosen.
  • Learn how to get all necessary licenses and permits for your business.
  • Understand the importance of current tax and reporting regulations, including those relating to yearly reports and state tax returns.
  • Organize a first board of directors gathering and draft the corporation's rules.
  • Understand the process of procuring an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. 

Mississippi is a state that benefits company owners by providing a welcoming atmosphere, a skilled staff, and access to a sizable and expanding market. Creating a corporation in Mississippi can offer financial advantages, safeguard your assets, and draw in investment money. To establish a company in Mississippi, you must follow specific steps and submit the required paperwork to the government. Choosing a distinctive name, designating a registered representative, submitting Mississippi articles of incorporation, and acquiring any needed licenses and permits are all part of this process. By following these steps, you can create a solid legal basis for your company and begin constructing a prosperous business in Mississippi.

Understanding Mississippi Corporation Formation

To ensure that your company is lawfully acknowledged, you must comply with several legal requirements if you intend to form a corporation in Mississippi. The crucial actions you must perform to establish a company in Mississippi are as follows: 

Choose a name

Before deciding on a name for your Mississippi business, make sure it is unique and not already in use by another firm in the state. The name must not contain any terms or phrases forbidden by Mississippi legislation. A thorough review of already-used company names and legal advice can help ensure that the name you've selected is accessible and complies with Mississippi's naming regulations.

Appoint a registered agent

To establish a corporation in Mississippi, you must designate a registered agent who can receive legal papers on behalf of your business and ensure that important documents are distributed on time.

File articles of incorporation

The Mississippi Secretary of State must receive your completed Articles of Incorporation, which contain crucial information about your company's goals and organizational framework, to establish a corporation in the state.

Draft rules

You should think about delineating the duties and obligations of the executives and directors, defining meeting procedures, and setting voting procedures when writing the rules for your Mississippi company. These guidelines should be by your corporation's policies and articles of formation.

Discuss the steps involved in the formation process

  • For your company, pick a specific name that contains a corporate identifier like "Corporation," "Inc." or "Ltd."
  • Select an authorized agent to accept formal correspondence on your company's account.
  • Register your business by submitting Articles of Incorporation to the Mississippi Secretary of State, including all necessary information about your company's organization and goals.
  • Obtain any required municipal and state licenses and permits for your company.
  • Create corporate bylaws that describe your company's internal control framework.
  • Organize a meeting with your board of directors to elect officers, approve the corporate bylaws and articles of incorporation, and discuss other crucial business matters.
  • For tax reasons, request an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Documents that need to be filed with the state

  1. Articles of Incorporation: This paper contains crucial information about your company, including its goals, organizational framework, and name.
  2. This certificate of formation attests to your corporation's formal formation and permits you to conduct business in Mississippi.
  3. Annual Report: This document, which must be submitted annually, contains vital details about your company, including its executives, shareholders, and authorized representative.
  4. Name Reservation: You must submit a Name Reservation to the Mississippi Secretary of State to secure a particular name for your company before submitting your Articles of Incorporation.
  5. Any extra licenses or authorizations demanded by municipal or state officials.

Choosing a Business Name and Structure

Importance of choosing a unique and memorable Mississippi business name

In Mississippi, picking a distinctive and unforgettable company name is essential for several factors. A memorable name can help your company stick out from rivals, improve brand awareness, and make it simpler for clients to recall and locate you. Additionally, a distinctive name can shield your company from legal troubles and trademark disputes, saving you money and time by preventing future litigation.

Different types of Mississippi business structures are available 

The simplest type of business organization is a sole proprietorship, in which one person controls and runs the company.

  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Corporation
  • S Corporation
  • Nonprofit Corporation

Each structure has its benefits and drawbacks regarding liability, taxation, and management. It's essential to carefully consider your business goals, financial situation, and legal responsibilities before choosing a structure that suits your needs. Consulting with a legal or financial professional can also help you make the best decision for your business.

How to pick the ideal structure for your company's requirements

Consider variables like the size and nature of your business, the degree of liability protection you require, tax consequences, management structure, and long-term objectives when choosing the best system for your company's needs in Mississippi. To select a format that best meets your company's specific needs, seek legal and financial advice and carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

Registering Your Corporation with the State

A detailed guide on how to register your corporation with the state of Mississippi

  1. Pick a unique name for your business.
  2. Select an authorized agent to accept formal correspondence on your corporation's behalf.
  3. Publish your articles of incorporation with the Secretary of State's office in Mississippi.
  4. Make company bylaws outlining the governance of your business.
  5. Obtain any required municipal and state licenses and permits for your company.
  6. Register for state and municipal taxation and request an IRS tax ID number.
  7. Organize a gathering to approve the rules, elect the officials, and distribute the stock.
  8. To keep your company in good order, submit yearly reports and pay any required fees.

To ensure compliance with all relevant laws and regulations, seeking legal and financial advice throughout the registration process is advised.

Fees associated with Mississippi business registration

Articles of incorporation must be filed for $50 with the Mississippi Secretary of State's office. It might cost more money to apply for company licenses and permits, file yearly reports, and make other filings necessary to keep the corporation in good order. The price of employing a registered representative and any necessary legal or financial counsel should also be considered.

The timeline for registering your corporation with the state

The filing procedure and the volume of work being handled by the Secretary of State's office are two variables that affect how long it takes to establish a company in Mississippi. Processing periods can typically be between a few days and weeks. To prevent delays, it is advised to verify with the Secretary of State's office for the most recent working times and ensure that all necessary paperwork and fees are sent correctly.

Drafting Mississippi Corporate Bylaws

Corporate bylaws in Mississippi must be drafted to outline a corporation's internal rules and regulations, including management structure, voting procedures, and shareholder rights.

Guide how to create effective bylaws

  • Determine the goals of the rules and the corporation's core principles.
  • Establish the administration framework, including the duties of the executives and directors.
  • Establish gathering and decision-making processes, including any necessary voting protocols.
  • Specify the duties and responsibilities of stockholders, including equity transfers.
  • Establish standards for transparency and address any conflicts of interest that may exist.
  • Create a process for changing the bylaws.
  • Ensure that the corporation's incorporation documents and Mississippi state legislation are followed.
  • They should be reviewed and updated frequently to keep the rules current and valuable.
  • To ensure the rules are complete and compliant with the law, seek legal counsel.
  • Give copies of the rules to all the stockholders, directors, and officials.

Key provisions that should be included in corporate bylaws

The purpose of the corporation, the obligations of the board of directors and officers, the procedures for holding meetings and voting, the policies for amending the bylaws, and the procedures for allocating profits and dividends are all essential topics that should be covered in Mississippi corporate bylaws. Other clauses might cover how groups function, how directors are chosen and removed, and how to handle conflicts of interest.

Obtaining Necessary Licenses and Permits

  • Find out what kinds of businesses and actions demand licenses or permissions.
  • Contact the appropriate state organizations and the Mississippi Secretary of State's office to acquire the required Mississippi business licenses and permits.
  • Ask the Mississippi Department of Revenue for a company tax identity number.
  • Obtain any necessary municipal licenses or permissions.
  • Obtain all necessary professional licenses from the commission or agency of your jurisdiction.
  • Register for employees' compensation and jobless insurance.
  • Ensure adherence to local, state, and federal environmental laws.
  • Keep note of all license and permission changes and renewals that are required.
  • Consult a lawyer or business adviser for advice and assistance throughout the procedure.

Where to obtain licenses and permits

Depending on the nature of your company, licenses and Mississippi business permits may be acquired in Mississippi from the Mississippi Secretary of State's Office and other pertinent state organizations.

Resources for further information

  1. Mississippi Secretary of State's website
  2. Mississippi Small Business Development Center
  3. SCORE Mississippi
  4. Mississippi Department of Revenue
  5. Mississippi Department of Health
  6. Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality
  7. Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce
  8. Local Chamber of Commerce or Economic Development Office.


Corporations are a standard option for company forms available in Mississippi. A distinctive name must be chosen, a registered representative must be appointed, articles of formation must be filed, and bylaws must be written before a company can be established here. Mississippi, rated the 25th best state for doing business in the US, has a comparatively cheap corporate tax rate of just 3%. Companies can speak with the Mississippi Secretary of State's office or other pertinent organizations to acquire the required licenses and permits. In conclusion, Mississippi offers opportunities for both start-ups and established companies due to its expanding economy and pro-business environment.

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