Starting a company

How To Form A Corporation In New Mexico

Key highlights 

  1. Learn about the many companies available in New Mexico, including general corporations (C corporations), close companies, and non-profit corporations.
  2. Ensure your selected name can be distinguished from other organizations by researching and knowing the rules for naming your business in New Mexico.
  3. Recognize the obligations of directors to a corporation and the procedures for choosing and appointing directors in New Mexico.
  4. Learn the necessary details and filing costs for drafting and submitting Articles of Incorporation to the New Mexico Secretary of State.
  5. Recognize the significance of establishing company bylaws, the essential components to include, and the procedures for adopting and changing bylaws.
  6. Understand what to anticipate during an organizational meeting, including the goal and agenda and the significance of creating and approving meeting minutes.
  7. Find out how to get an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS and how to utilize it for tax and administrative needs.
  8. Recognize the prerequisites for filing New Mexico's state and municipal taxes, such as the registration requirements for gross receipts and withholding taxes.
  9. Understand how to locate and get the permissions and licenses your company needs, as well as how to keep compliance with regulatory regulations.

For several reasons, business owners and entrepreneurs may find forming a corporation in New Mexico advantageous. First off, New Mexico has a comparatively low corporation tax rate compared to other states, which can ease the state's total tax load on firms. Additionally, the regulatory framework of New Mexico is business-friendly, which makes it simpler and less expensive to form and run a corporation.

Also advantageous to businesses in New Mexico is limited liability protection, which shields owners' assets from claims and other legal obligations. This can give business owners and entrepreneurs peace of mind and make it simpler to draw investors.

Last, New Mexico provides businesses with various benefits and services, including tax credits, financing options, and workforce development initiatives. Because of these resources, New Mexico is an appealing alternative for entrepreneurs and company owners wishing to launch or develop their operations.

Choose a Name for Your Corporation

In New Mexico, choosing a distinctive and distinct name for your business is essential for several reasons. First and foremost, a distinctive name will distinguish your company from other companies in the region and support the development of your brand identity. Customers will find it simpler to recognize and separate your company from rivals. A distinctive and enduring name can also aid marketing and advertising initiatives. Potential clients may locate your company and remember it more quickly if you have a memorable name that stands out from the competition.

Naming Requirements and Restrictions in New Mexico

The naming of corporations is subject to specific rules in the state of New Mexico. A company must be distinguished from other corporations with the same name previously for registering a corporation in New Mexico. This implies that you may be unable to utilize your selected name if another company already uses it.

Additionally, using a distinctive name will help you stay clear of any legal snags. If you select a name that is too similar to that of another company, you risk being accused of trademark infringement.

You can use the online company search tool on the New Mexico Secretary of State's website to see if a name is available in the state. You may use this tool to look up current companies and check whether the chosen business name is accessible. Additionally, if you need assistance finding a name for your organization or reserving one, contact the New Mexico Secretary of State's office.

Appoint a Registered Agent

A registered agent is an individual or a business chosen by a company in New Mexico to accept important legal and official papers on the corporation's behalf. Tax forms, service of process notices, and other legal notices from state authorities are examples of these papers.

Why is a registered agent important? 

To receive and sign these documents, the registered agent should have a physical address in New Mexico and be accessible during regular business hours. The articles of incorporation for starting a business in New Mexico and any other documents filed by the corporation with the state should designate the name and address of the registered agent. A registered agent must give corporations a trustworthy and reachable point of contact for legal and official paperwork. This makes it possible to guarantee that crucial communications are received promptly and may be addressed appropriately.

All domestic and international corporations in New Mexico are required by law to choose a registered agent. The absence of a registered agent may subject the corporation to fines, penalties, or other legal repercussions. Therefore, organizations must make a cautious choice of a registered agent who is dependable, trustworthy, and qualified to carry out the position's duties.

How to choose and appoint a registered agent for your corporation

Selecting a registered agent for your organization is a significant choice that has to be well thought out. Legal and formal papers must be delivered to a registered agent on your corporation's behalf. The processes below should be followed to select and appoint a registered agent:

  • Analyze prospective registered agents to make sure they adhere to state regulations.
  • Consider their credentials, history, and reputation.
  • Confirm with them that they are available and ready to act as your registered agent.
  • Include the details of the chosen registered agent in the paperwork that incorporates your corporation to appoint them.
  • Ascertain that the registered agent's contact details are current and tell them of any changes.

File Articles of Incorporation with the State of New Mexico

You should submit Articles of Incorporation to the New Mexico Secretary of State to form a corporation in New Mexico. The conditions and steps for submitting articles of incorporation in New Mexico are described below:


The corporation's name must be distinct from other companies with New Mexico business registrations.

  • The corporation's mission
  • The quantity and kind of stock shares that are permitted
  • The registered agent's title and address
  • The incorporators' names and addresses
  • An incorporator's or registered agent's signature


  • Select a unique name for your company and check the New Mexico Secretary of State to see whether it is available.
  • Create the articles of incorporation in New Mexico, making sure to include all necessary details.
  • Submit the Articles of Incorporation and filing fee to the New Mexico Secretary of State through mail or online.
  • The New Mexico Secretary of State must receive the filing fee and the Articles of Incorporation together to complete the incorporation process. Different filing fees apply depending on the type of corporation being created and the filing procedure.
  • The filing fee can be paid by check or money order made payable to the New Mexico Secretary of State when submitting documents by mail. The filing cost can be paid online using a credit or debit card.
  • It's crucial to remember that the filing fee is a one-time payment and is not required to be made every year.

A few weeks should pass before receiving the Secretary of State's approval confirmation.

Obtain Necessary Business Permits and Licenses in New Mexico

Depending on the type of your business, you might need to get several permissions and licenses for New Mexico corporation formation. The state of New Mexico frequently requires the following licenses and permits:

  • Construction Permit: A construction permit can be necessary if the company intends to make any structural alterations to its property. Depending on the size of the project, different building permits have different prices.
  • Business license: Most businesses in New Mexico must get a business license, which may be done by contacting the state's Department of Taxation and Revenue. Depending on the sort of company, different licenses have different prices.
  • Health permit: A health permit may be necessary for some establishments, including restaurants, food trucks, and hairdressers, to guarantee that they adhere to strict health and safety regulations. Depending on the kind of company, a health permit also has a range in price.
  • Environmental Permit: Companies that generate hazardous waste or emit pollutants could be required to get an environmental permit. The price of an environmental license is based on how much pollution the firm produces.
  • Fire Permit: Companies that work with combustible substances or have a high risk of catching fire may require a fire permit. A fire permit's price varies based on its kind of business and how much of a fire danger it poses.
  • Signage permit: A business may need a signage permit to place signs on its premises. Depending on the size and positioning of the sign, a signage permit might cost more or less.
  • Alcohol Permit: Organizations that want to sell or serve alcohol may require a permit. The price of an alcohol license varies based on the license category and the business's location.

You may get most permits and licenses from the New Mexico Department of Finance and Administration or the appropriate state department, such as the New Mexico Environmental Department or the New Mexico Regulation and Licencing Department. Associated costs will change based on the kind of license or permit. Conducting thorough research and getting the required permissions and licenses is crucial to prevent any potential legal implications or fines.

Employer Identification Number (EIN): The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires an EIN if your firm employs people. An EIN may be obtained for free.

Create Corporate Bylaws and Hold the Initial Meeting

Importance of creating corporate bylaws in New Mexico

A corporation's operating policies are described in its bylaws, a crucial document. Establishing bylaws helps guarantee that the company operates efficiently and by relevant laws and regulations. Bylaws set rules for the board of directors, officials, and shareholders.

The process for creating bylaws 

The board of directors should collaborate with legal counsel to design bylaws specific to the organization's needs and structure. The board of directors, executives, committee responsibilities, and guidelines for shareholder meetings, voting processes, and other significant corporate affairs should all be outlined in the bylaws.

An inaugural meeting should be convened following the board of directors' approval to ratify the bylaws, elected officials, and conduct other significant business. The board of directors should also approve corporate resolutions at this meeting to provide the go-ahead for tasks including creating bank accounts, issuing shares, and signing contracts.

In conclusion, writing corporate bylaws is essential in forming and managing a business. The corporation's bylaws ensure it operates effectively and follows all applicable laws and regulations. Working with legal counsel to write bylaws that reflect the company's particular requirements and convening an inaugural meeting to confirm the bylaws and conduct other significant business are both steps in the creation process.

Register for New Mexico State Taxes

Various state taxes, including the state income tax, the gross receipts tax, and multiple taxes and levies, are imposed on corporations in New Mexico. For companies, the state income tax rate is a flat 4.9%. The gross receipts tax rate varies based on the region and kind of business. It is a tax on the gross receipts of enterprises.

Corporations must get a Combined Reporting System (CRS) identification number from the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department to register for state taxes in that state. In addition to online forms, brochures, and a tax assistance center, the department offers tools and advice on filing taxes.

Corporations may be required to submit quarterly estimated tax payments in addition to filing annual state tax filings. Penalties and interest may apply if state tax requirements are not met. Corporations should keep track of their tax responsibilities and, if necessary, seek advice from a tax expert or the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department.


Choosing a distinctive name, selecting a registered agent in New Mexico, submitting articles of incorporation process in New Mexico, acquiring required permissions and licenses, and establishing corporate bylaws are all essential processes in forming a company in New Mexico. To guarantee the success and survival of the organization, it is crucial to adhere to all local, state, and federal laws and regulations.

It is advised to acquire expert legal and financial guidance to handle the corporation formation procedure in New Mexico. While an accountant or tax expert may help with tax planning and compliance, an attorney can aid with creating legal papers and assuring compliance with relevant regulations.

The New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department website and the New Mexico Secretary of State also have additional resources and details. Incorporating a company in New Mexico may go smoothly and successfully with careful planning and expert help.

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Note: Our content is for general information purposes only. Levy does not provide legal, accounting, or certified expert advice. Consult a lawyer, CPA, or other professional for such services.

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