Starting a company

How To Form A Corporation In New Hampshire

Key Takeaways

  • Learn about New Hampshire's legal criteria for corporate names and how to look for already-used business names.
  • Learn about the many company structure types in New Hampshire and their benefits and drawbacks.
  • Learn the expenses and procedures for submitting Articles of Incorporation.
  • Recognize the significance of creating good corporation bylaws and the legal prerequisites in New Hampshire for doing so.
  • Understand the several licenses and permissions that businesses in New Hampshire need, as well as how to apply for them.
  • Know how to submit taxes, register for tax ID numbers, and the New Hampshire tax duties for firms.
  • Encourage readers to create their corporation in New Hampshire so they may benefit from liability protection, tax advantages, and expansion options.
  • To thrive in business in New Hampshire, keep abreast of legislative and regulatory requirements, network with other companies, seek expert counsel and focus on your company's objectives.

A corporation is a legal body established by one or more people or groups to conduct business. It can engage in contracts, possess property, and sue or be sued in its name since it is a different legal entity from its owners and stockholders.

Due to its supportive atmosphere for business, New Hampshire is a well-liked travel location for entrepreneurs and company owners. The state is desirable to establish a business due to its economic tax burden, efficient regulatory procedures, and trained workforce.

This article will give a general overview of the procedure for establishing a company in New Hampshire, including the legal prerequisites, the advantages of doing business there, and the actions necessary to establish and manage a corporation. The benefits of forming a corporation in New Hampshire, the legal prerequisites for incorporation, the stages involved in starting a corporation, and the continuing obligations of managing a corporation will be the key topics discussed in the article.

Choosing a Corporate Name

Legal Requirements for corporate names in New Hampshire

A few regulations must be followed while selecting a company name in New Hampshire. The name must be original and not be used by another company in the state. Additionally, it must contain one of the following terms: Corporation, Incorporated, Limited, Company, or an acronym for any of these. In addition, the name cannot in any manner be false or misleading.

How to search for existing business names

Ensure another company organization does not already use the name by conducting a thorough search before deciding on a corporate name. You may accomplish this by using the online database the New Hampshire Secretary of State provides, which enables you to look for already-used company names.

Filing a Name Reservation Request

You can submit a Name Reservation Request to the New Hampshire Secretary of State once you have decided on an available name that complies with the law. This holds the selected name for 120 days, providing you enough time to finish the incorporation procedure. The $15 filing fee can be paid online or by mail for the request. It is significant to remember that the name reservation does not ensure that the name will be available because it is still possible for the name to be rejected throughout the incorporation procedure.

Selecting a Business Structure

Types of business structures in New Hampshire

New Hampshire has various business structure options, including corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and sole proprietorships. There are distinct legal and tax ramifications for each structure.

Advantages and disadvantages of each structure

Benefits of being a sole proprietor:

  • the most straightforward and popular sort of corporate organisation
  • Simple to assemble and use
  • Owner has total authority over the company.
  • less restrictions and requirements in the law
  • The rate of personal income tax is applied on profits.

Cons of being a sole proprietorship:

  • Personal responsibility for corporate debts and commitments is limitless.
  • difficult to finance or raise funds
  • A company is not a distinct legal entity.
  • limited room for growth

Benefits of partnerships:

  • shared accountability for the company
  • Partners can combine their resources and skills.
  • Easy to create and use
  • The rate of personal income tax is applied on profits.

Cons of partnerships:

  • Personal responsibility for corporate debts and commitments is limitless.
  • Possibility of partner tensions and disagreements
  • limited room for growth
  • difficult to finance or raise funds

Benefits of an LLC:

  • Owners' personal accountability for commercial debts and commitments is constrained.
  • more adaptable ownership and administration than a corporation
  • Similar to a sole proprietorship or partnership, profits are taxed.
  • Compared to a sole proprietorship or partnership, it is simpler to raise financing.

Cons of LLC:

  • more difficult to establish and costly to maintain than a partnership or sole proprietorship
  • Limited growth potential compared to a corporation Owners must submit separate tax returns for the firm

Benefits of a Corporation:

  • Owners' personal accountability for commercial debts and commitments is constrained.
  • legal entity distinct from its owners
  • It is simpler to raise money by selling stock.
  • unlimited possibility for growth

Cons of Corporation:

  • More difficult and costly to establish and maintain than other company arrangements
  • It is necessary to adhere to formalities and rules, such as having yearly shareholder meetings.
  • Profits are subject to two types of taxes.
  • Less power for individual shareholders to influence the company.

How to choose the proper structure for your business

Considerations including ownership, management structure, personal accountability, and tax ramifications should all be considered when deciding on the best business structure for your company. A lawyer or accountant may assist you in choosing the optimal structure for your particular company's needs. The company's long-term objectives should also be considered, as altering the structure later on, can be difficult and expensive.

Filing Articles of Incorporation

Legal Requirements for Filing Articles of Incorporation in New Hampshire

Articles of Incorporation must be submitted to the Secretary of State to establish a corporation in New Hampshire. The name, purpose, registered agent, number of authorized shares, and first directors' names and addresses must all be listed in the articles of incorporation. The Articles must also include a $100 filing fee and be signed by an incorporator.

How to prepare and file Articles of Incorporation

A lawyer's advice or using an online legal agency may be beneficial while drafting and submitting the Articles of Incorporation. The filing fee must be included with the Articles when submitting them online or by mail. The corporation is lawfully created after the Articles have been submitted and approved.

Understanding the costs associated with filing

In addition to the $100 registration fee, establishing and running a company in New Hampshire could include other expenses. Taxes, yearly report fees, and name reservation costs are a few examples. To make sure that the company is in good standing and complies with state requirements, it is crucial to comprehend and budget for these charges.

Drafting Corporate Bylaws

Explanation of what corporate bylaws are and why they are important

Corporate policies are guidelines that control a corporation's internal operations. They develop protocols for holding meetings, choosing officers and directors, and handling other significant governance-related issues. Bylaws are crucial because they provide the corporation's operations structure and clarity, ensuring everyone knows their duties and obligations.

Legal Requirements for corporate bylaws in New Hampshire

The substance of corporation bylaws is not subject to any special legal restrictions in New Hampshire. However, the bylaws must adhere to state law and incorporation articles. Important issues, including the number of directors, the responsibilities of the officials, and the methods for holding meetings, should also be included.

How to draft effective corporate bylaws

A lawyer's advice or template usage may be beneficial when drafting strong company bylaws. The corporation's bylaws should be adjusted to meet its particular requirements and establish a clear governing framework. They must be routinely evaluated and changed to account for corporate structure or activities adjustments. All directors and officials must be knowledgeable about the bylaws and aware of their responsibilities in carrying them out.

Obtaining Necessary Licenses and Permits

Explanation of the types of licenses and permits required for businesses in New Hampshire

A lawyer's advice or template usage may be beneficial when drafting strong company bylaws. The corporation's bylaws should be adjusted to meet its particular requirements and establish a clear governing framework. They must be routinely evaluated and changed to account for corporate structure or activities adjustments. All directors and officials must be knowledgeable about the bylaws and aware of their responsibilities in carrying them out.

How to obtain necessary licenses and permits

  • Examining prerequisites for a specific sector and location is necessary for obtaining the required licenses and permissions.
  • Contacting regional and local government organizations is often necessary to determine the necessary licenses and permissions.
  • Filling out applications and submitting supporting documents, such as certificates of insurance or qualifications, may be required.
  • Securing relevant licenses and permissions before beginning operations is crucial to avoid legal problems and possible fines.

Understanding the costs associated with obtaining licenses and permits

The cost of getting licenses and permits might differ significantly depending on the region and business. There may be an initial cost for some licenses and permits, while ongoing costs or yearly renewals may apply to others. Budgeting for these expenses and including them in your company's total operating expenditures is crucial. To ensure that the relevant licenses and permissions are obtained and to comprehend the possible expenses associated, it may also be beneficial to speak with an attorney or accountant.

Tax Considerations

Tax obligations for corporations in New Hampshire

In New Hampshire, corporations are subject to both state and federal taxation. Income, property, sales, and wages taxes may be included in this. It is crucial for companies to understand tax duties and ensure they are by local, state, and federal laws.

Understanding state and federal tax requirements

Based on the corporation's net revenue received in the state, the Business Profits Tax is a state tax that applies to corporations in New Hampshire. The Business Enterprise Tax, based on wages, property, and sales in the state, may also apply to corporations. Corporations are liable to federal income tax and payroll taxes on an employee basis.

How to register for tax ID numbers and file taxes

Corporations must register for tax identification numbers at the state and federal levels to comply with tax requirements. This can entail opening state tax accounts and requesting an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. Corporations are also required to submit tax returns and pay taxes regularly. To prevent fines and legal troubles, keeping correct records and meeting all filing dates is crucial.

To maintain compliance with local, state, and federal rules, it is crucial for businesses in New Hampshire to thoroughly analyze their tax obligations and engage with a tax specialist.


In conclusion, numerous critical procedures are involved in creating a company in New Hampshire, including picking a name, deciding on a business structure, submitting articles of incorporation, making corporate bylaws, securing required licenses and permissions, and taking into account tax implications. Each action calls for close consideration of both company demands and regulatory constraints.

Creating a corporation in New Hampshire may be worthwhile for people looking to launch a business or safeguard their assets, despite the difficulty required. A company can offer liability defense, tax advantages, and growth and development possibilities.

It's crucial to keep up with industry developments, best practices, and legal and regulatory requirements to guarantee company success in New Hampshire. It is also beneficial to network with other companies and consults experts. Entrepreneurs in New Hampshire may build successful businesses that support the economy and communities of the state by taking the required measures and remaining focused on their business objectives.

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Note: Our content is for general information purposes only. Levy does not provide legal, accounting, or certified expert advice. Consult a lawyer, CPA, or other professional for such services.

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